GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet. 2017 Sep 16;390(10100):1345-1422.
European Commission. Smoke-free environments. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/smoke-free_environments_en. Last Accessed September 13, 2017.
Global Adult Tobacco Survey. Comparison fact sheet. Turkey 2008 & 2012. Available at: http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/survey/gats/gats_turkey_2008v2012_comparison_fact_sheet.pdf. Last Accessed: September 13, 2017.
Global Adult Tobacco Survey.
Islami et al. Cancer deaths and cases attributable to lifestyle factors and infections in China, 2013. Annals of Oncology. 2017. doi:10.1093/annonc/mdx342. Published online 4 July 2017
Kelishadi et al. Exposure to Hookah and Cigarette Smoke in Children and Adolescents According to Their Socio-Economic Status: The CASPIAN-IV Study. Iran J Pediatr. 2016 Jun 12;26(4):e3036. PMID: 27781078 [This is a nationwide survey.]
Lim et al. A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012;380:2224-2260.
Special Eurobarometer 458: Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes.
Yang et al. Association of Husband Smoking With Wife's Hypertension Status in Over 5 Million Chinese Females Aged 20 to 49 Years. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Mar 20;6(3). pii: e004924. PMID: 28320748
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General, 2014 Atlanta, USA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health 2014
U.S. National Cancer Institute and World Health Organization. The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control. National Cancer Institute Tobacco Control Monograph 21. NIH Publication No. 16-CA-8029A. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute; and Geneva, CH: World Health Organization; 2016.
WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2017: monitoring tobacco use and prevention policies. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. [GTCR 2017]
Wipfli H, Avila-Tang E, Navas-Acien A, Kim S, Onicescu G, Yuan J, Breysse P, Samet JM; Famri Homes Study Investigators. Secondhand smoke exposure among women and children: evidence from 31 countries. Am J Public Health. 2008 Apr;98(4):672-9. PMID: 18309121.